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  • What Is AI Algorithmic Bias And How Is It Resolved?

    What Is AI Algorithmic Bias And How Is It Resolved?

    As Artificial Intelligence (AI) is an invention of human minds, a lot of the inherent traits of human intelligence tend to find their way into AI systems. One of the major drawbacks of this phenomenon is the introduction of human biases into these systems. AI algorithmic bias can especially be a detriment to the development of systems carrying out human selection decisions.

    Human admission and selection decision-making AI systems need accurate underlying algorithms. For instance, a face recognition system may begin developing a negative bias against certain racial profiles, or a resource planning system may develop a bias against names with fewer vowels and so on.

    In this article, we will begin by decoding the meaning of AI algorithmic bias and then go on to explore the solutions formulated by experts around the world for this problem.

    What Is AI Algorithmic Bias?

    AI systems are built on underlying algorithms written to achieve a particular task. The algorithm aggregates the requisite data, computes said data, and then makes a decision to carry out the task based on predefined criteria. The attribute that causes the algorithm to cause it to generate unfair or highly subjective outcomes is known as algorithmic bias.

    Algorithms that support AI capabilities for various utilities and systems have gotten increasingly more complex in recent years. Sensitive application areas can witness the brunt of the consequences if these biases creep in at scale during deployment stages. While AI was originally built to reduce the impact of human biases, it has nurtured biases of its own.

    How Algorithmic Bias Develops In AI

    Bias can make its way into AI systems in a variety of ways that are sometimes unforeseeable by even the developer. Sometimes it is a direct consequence of using tainted or unclean training data which may contain biased human decisions. In other cases, there may be a direct link to legacy biases borne out of systemic issues.

    Numerous factors can contribute to algorithmic bias. Problems with the data that is supplied into the algorithm may be the cause. Perhaps the information is lacking or irrelevant, making it unsuitable for the algorithm. Or perhaps the data is simply inaccurate. This could imply that the error was produced prior to the data even reaching the algorithm, during data collection. Even the most well-intentioned coder may produce biased and unfair results as a result of this.

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    Even in cases where all the data is accurate and adequate, algorithmic bias might still exist. What if the mathematical model, despite its proper bias, favors some data over others? Despite the fact that the data utilized are essentially valid, this will bias the results. 

    We cannot rule out the potential that this is done on purpose, that accurate and correct data was purposefully modified in a biased or inappropriate way in order to get a particular output because we don’t know the specifics of so many organizations’ algorithms.

    Human AI experts design and modify algorithms but do not enjoy absolute control over them. And humans can skew the results in a variety of ways, from the data they decide to include to the algorithm the programmer chooses to construct. Thus, the toughest bias to eliminate and the main contributor to algorithmic bias may be human prejudice.

    How To Avert Algorithmic Bias

    The many ways that AI can outperform conventional human decision-making must be carefully embraced by algorithm creators. Systems for machine learning ignore factors that do not reliably predict results. Humans, on the other hand, could exaggerate or not even be aware of the reasons why they decided to, say, hire or reject a particular job prospect. So the following methods can be applied for preventing algorithmic bias in AI systems:

    1)Gather The Necessary Know-How: Business executives will need to keep up with this rapidly evolving field of research. The yearly reports of the AI Now Institute, the Partnership on AI, and the Fairness, Transparency, and Privacy group of the Alan Turing Institute are just a few of the organizations that offer resources to learn more.

    2)Leverage The Right Tools: Establish ethical procedures that can reduce bias when your company or organization uses AI. Utilize a variety of technology tools in addition to operational techniques like internal red teams or external audits. Here, tech companies are of some assistance. Google AI, for instance, has published best practices, and IBM’s Fairness 360 framework compiles standard technological tools.

    3)Integrate Algorithms With Human Decisions: Have fact-based discussions on potential prejudices held by people. We’ve traditionally used stand-ins, like procedural checks, to determine whether human decisions were fair. We can now hold people to higher standards because we have more sophisticated techniques for checking for bias in machines. This might be done by employing explainability approaches to identify the factors that caused the model to make a decision, comparing the findings, and running algorithms alongside human decision-makers to see if there are any discrepancies in the outcomes.

    4)Transparency And Good Data Practices: Think about how prejudice can be reduced by combining the efforts of humans and technology. Some “human-in-the-loop” systems offer suggestions or possibilities that people can verify or select from. Humans can determine how much weight to give a recommendation by knowing how confident these algorithms are in it. To keep moving bias research forward, more money should be invested, more data should be provided, and bias research should be multidisciplinary (while maintaining privacy). 

    Efficient AI Development Teams Can Help Prevent Algorithmic Bias

    AI-Human collaboration is moving forward as a result of significant initiatives to increase the transparency of designers’ decisions and include ethics in computer science education, among other things. An AI development team with the skills to pre plan strategies that do not let biases enter into AI systems is what every organization requires. If you are looking for such solutions to elevate your AI systems’ underlying algorithmic superiority, you can look into Unthinkable’s AI Development Services.


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